One of the most popular travel destinations on Croatia’s South Dalmatian coast.
One of the most popular travel destinations on Croatia’s South Dalmatian coast, the island of Korcula (pronounced Kor-chu-la) is also one of the greenest. It’s dark, dense pine forests inspired the Ancient Cnidian Greeks to name it Melaina Korkyra (Black Corfu or Corcyra, as their homeland region was once known), when they settled there in 6 BC.
Today, the lush pine forests remain as one of the main features of the hilly Adriatic island, especially along its north facing slopes, scattered with dry stone walls enfolding vineyards and olive groves; still cultivated as a livelihood by inland settlements today. In fact, two of the most popular Croatian white wines, Posip and Grk are grown on the island.
Korcula has a similar history with other parts of the Dalmatian archipelago. The first known inhabitants of Korcula were Illyrian tribes who occupied a large area of Dalmatia. They lived from farming and fishing. It is still possible to see on the Island their stone burial mounds, roughly shaped as a blunt cone. Upon the arrival of the Ancient Greeks, Korcula became a Greek colony. However, they made no attempts to integrate with the Illyrians, who continued both their tribal lifestyle and their separate existence. It seems that the Greeks never associated themselves with the Illyrians, possibly due to Illyrians being perceived as a part of lower social standing. An important document from this period is a stone tablet called ‘the psephism from Lumbarda’ (4th century BC) The stone plaque, written in ancient Greek, is unambiguous about the existence of Korcula town. This is the oldest written document found on the territory of Croatia. Fortunately, this relic from the past can still be seen in Korcula’s town museum. Several centuries later, in 7th century AD, the Croats came to the Adriatic coast, the first tribes from the fertile Neretva valley.
Getting to Korcula Island
Korcula is well connected to the Croatian mainland and Dalmatian coast, especially in the summer months. The off season boats ferry connections are bit less convenient, so you would need to rely mostly on buses to and from Dubrovnik and early mornings ferry to Hvar and Split. There are various options to reach the Island and the town of Korcula. Korcula nearest airports are Dubrovnik Airport and Split Airport both convenient to reach the island. Croatia Airlines is the state owned flight-carrier but there are various low cost and charter flight companies that do flights to Croatia. How to get from Dubrovnik to Korcula How to get from Split to Korcula How to get from Zadar to Korcula How to get from Zagreb to Korcula Map of Ferries that sail to Korcula
Getting around Korcula
The easiest way to get around Korcula is to walk, cycle or use public transport. The main bus service on Korcula island is operated by the local bus company, with regular routes in operation connecting most parts of the Island so the island’s bus network is connecting all villages with other main areas. Shuttle boat from Korcula to Orebic – very frequent shuttle boat service between Korcula town and Orebic, ideal for day-trips to Orebic beaches (Trstenica) Shuttle boat from Korcula Town to Badija – convenient and reliable shuttle boat (water taxi) service from Korcula Town to Badija, ideal for a day trip to Badija or Vrnik islands – read more Shuttle boat from Vela Luka to Proizd – reliable and convenient shuttle boat service from Vela Luka to Proizd, ideal for a beach trip to Proizd island.
Things to Do in Korcula Island
With over 200 km of tarmac lanes and country footpaths, the Island of Korcula is one of the favoured walking/hiking as well as cycling destinations in Croatia. The island is also one of the key sailing and windsurfing destinations in Croatia, with some great things on offer for sailing or surfing enthusiasts of all abilities. If you are a bit of an adrenaline junkie the island offers exciting outdoor adventure activities including sea kayaking, mountain biking, paragliding, scuba diving and more. The Island is the perfect playground, boasting a hugely varied landscape just waiting to be explored – from lovely and secluded bays to sandy beaches surrounded by colourful clear sea water ready to be dived into!